… I call him FinCEN.
FinCEN, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, a division of the US Department of Treasury, issued a GTO, or Geographic Targeting Order. This is a rarely used order, for the obvious reason that money laundering is usually not concentrated in any one place. But Miami businesses are going to receive closer scrutiny from the sub-Treasury group because of money laundering related to drug trafficking. Effectively, this lowers the currency reporting threshold from $10,000 to $3,000.
This is a good time as any to discuss Black Market Peso Exchanges, or BMPE. This is a money laundering scheme often used by Colombian drug cartels to repatriot their US earnings back to Colombia. The exchange serves as the middle man. The exchange imports good into Colombia from the US, the imports being products that the cartel wanted, either to sell to the local market or for themselves. Cartel gives the exchange US funds, which is used to purchase goods for export. Effectively, it looks like the exchange is shipping many small orders from retail customers in Colombia, but actually, it is just laundering money.
About the Author: Marcus Maltempo is a compliance professional with more than a decade of experience helping banks, law firms and clients manage investigations and regulatory responses. He is the author of the forthcoming book History of Money Laundering: How criminals got paid and got away.